“I believe in human-centered AI to benefit people in positive and benevolent ways.” -- Fei-Fei Li, co-director of Stanford's Human-Centered AI Institute
- Can AI stem school violence?
- DoD seeks to enhance satellite tech in Ann Arbor
- Researchers use stem cells to reverse diabetes
- The future of smart manufacturing
- Purdue recognized for startup success
- Name that Flyover City!
MAY 7, 2020
Can AI stem school violence?
Photo courtesy Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Artificial intelligence (AI) is changing our lives in many ways. Can it be employed to help stop school violence? That’s the topic of a study published in the International Journal of Medical Informatics by researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. The study developed an AI system to analyze linguistic patterns to predict a student’s risk for violence and aggression at school and online.
If the idea sounds like science fiction, consider that linguistic AI is already being used to predict risk for suicide and other mental health issues. Consider also that the best known way to reduce school violence is timely, direct, individualized intervention by psychiatrists. That is an unwieldy and expensive solution, especially given the heartbreaking statistic that Cincinnati Children’s alone receives about 30,000 psychiatric admissions each year. So an AI intervention could be invaluable and save lives.
The three-year study assessed 103 middle- and high-school students between the ages of 10 and 18. All of the students had a history of minor or major behavioral change or aggression toward themselves or others. Of the participants, 55 were grouped as moderate to high-risk and 48 were found to be low risk.
Researchers used recorded interview content to develop the machine-learning algorithm for the system.
The study concluded that AI was successful in identifying 94% of cases identified by physicians. The researchers plan to widen the study to include other hospitals and school systems.
Through this study, the team “will be able to build artificial intelligence to augment human clinical judgment,” said Drew Barzman, a child forensic psychiatrist at CCHMC and lead author of the study.
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R2 Space receives contract for innovative satellite tech
Ann Arbor’s R2 Space, a “space intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance provider,” has received a contract from the Defense Innovation Unit (DIU) to help accelerate the company’s satellite technology, RADAR. DIU’s goal is to leverage innovative commercial technologies for use by the US Department of Defense.
RADAR is billed as cutting-edge satellite tech that can image the earth “during the day, at night, and through the clouds.”
R2 Space, which was founded in 2018, established its headquarters in Ann Arbor last year with the support of the Michigan Economic Development Corp and Ann Arbor SPARK. The company works with “high-tech industries including aerospace, homeland security and defense technology.”
WashU researchers use edited stem cells to reverse diabetes in mice
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have seen promising results from a recent study involving a rare form of diabetes called Wolfram syndrome caused by a defective gene. The team took stem cells from a human Wolfram patient, converted them into insulin-producing cells, and then used the CRISPR-Cas9 tool to correct the gene defect that caused the syndrome.
When they implanted the edited cells into diabetic mice, they were able to reverse the disease.
The scientists decided to focus their research on Wolfram syndrome because it involves a single gene mutation, making it easier to correct the defect. However, they’re hopeful that the same approach will eventually help those with more common forms of diabetes.
Innovation center at NC State to focus on “smart manufacturing”
A new center of innovation at North Carolina State University will focus on “smart manufacturing.” The center, created in partnership with the Clean Energy Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute (CESMII), will train and sustain workers with expertise in the future of manufacturing, which leaders (and the rest of us) hope will be smart.
Smart manufacturing is broadly defined as manufacturing that employs artificial intelligence, machine learning, energy productivity, asset performance management, and flexible technical workforce training. Early efforts at NC State include pilot plants for biomanufacturing, papermaking, and nonwoven textiles. The university has successfully integrated vendor solutions, including Siemens, Honeywell, Allen Bradley, and National Instrument. Raleigh’s Avid Solutions has signed on as a partner.
CESMII, founded in 2016, researches and develops technologies that process real-time information at manufacturing facilities. The goal is to improve processes, energy efficiency, equipment reliability, productivity, safety, quality, and yield. It also has the goal of linking manufacturers with academia, which sounds pretty smart to us.
UMKC works with governments on policies to handle tech and data
The University of Missouri-Kansas City is partnering with local governments, including the city and neighboring Unified Government of Wyandotte County, on a model data-handling policy that helps guide the way they manage information.
The idea brings together professors and experts in the fields of emerging technology and law to create a set of principles and checklists to address the way governments handle data. That includes privacy, risk mitigation, and breach damage containment measures as it relates to collecting, storing, using, and transferring data.
Kate Garman was working for Kansas City, MO's innovation office on smart city initiatives when she saw the need for a policy. “It was paramount to understand privacy implications and how to balance that with transparency,” she said.
“Cities are experiencing so many common challenges when it comes to data, it only makes sense that we would collaborate together to workshop shared solutions,” said Denise Linn Riedl, a chief information officer who has worked on the project. “The more city teams and privacy experts shape and vet this model policy, the stronger it becomes.”
Purdue's astounding startup success
Purdue University ranks third in the nation for creating startups, according to a new study. Only MIT and Columbia beat the Boilermakers in creating startups between 2008 and 2018. IP Watchdog, a publication that reports on intellectual property, patents, and innovation, conducted the study.
The study looked at the success rate of 800 universities, hospitals, and government organizations around the world at commercializing the tech they develop. Purdue can credit its success to the Purdue Foundry, an on-campus resource specifically created to help grad students, faculty, and alumni commercialize their ideas or products. The Foundry has helped more than 300 entrepreneurs create startups, which in turn have created hundreds of jobs. Major national companies have acquired 10 Purdue startups.
Other interesting tidbits from the study: IP Watchdog says data-rich sectors using artificial intelligence and machine learning—especially in healthcare—will be the next frontier in university technology transfer. And there’s this doozy: Medical knowledge is doubling every 73 days.
It's ... Name that Flyover city!
Useless information that is strangely fascinating.
- The Moondog Coronation Ball is generally considered the first major rock and roll concert. In what city was it held?
- The War at Home is a 1979 documentary about the anti-war movement during the Vietnam War. What city did it focus on?
- In 1978, Sid Vicious played at a venue in this city. Vicious left a memento that the owners made into an attraction. What city did this happen in and what's the memento?
Click here for today's answers.
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